Saturday, May 23, 2020
The federal deficit and the national debtÃ are both bad and getting worse, but what are they and how are they different? Key Terms Federal Budget Deficit: The difference between the federal governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s annual revenues and expendituresNational Debt: Total of all unpaid funds borrowed by the U.S. government The debate over whether the federal government should borrow money to extend unemployment benefits beyond the typical 26 weeks at a time when the number of jobless is high and public debt is growing rapidly shed light on terms that are easily confused among the public - the federal deficit and national debt. For example, U.S. Rep. Paul Ryan, a Republican from Wisconsin, said the policies put forth buy the White House including the jobless benefits extension in 2010 represent a job-killing economic agenda - focused on more borrowing, spending, and taxing - [that] will keep the unemployment rate high for years to come. The American people are fed up with Washingtons push to spend money we dont have, add to our crushing burden of debt, and evade accountability for the dismal results, Ryan said in a statement. The terms national debt and federal deficit are widely used by our politicians. But the two are not interchangeable. Heres a quick explanation of each. What is the Federal Deficit? The deficit is the difference between the money federal government takes in, called receipts, and what it spends, called outlays, each year. The federal government generates revenue through income, excise and social insurance taxes as well as fees, according to the U.S. Department of Treasurys Bureau of the Public Debt. The spending includes Social Security and Medicare benefits along with all other outlays such as medical research and interest payments on the debt. When the amount of spending exceeds the level of income, there is a deficit and the Treasury must borrow the money needed for the government to pay its bills. Think of it this way: Lets say you earned $50,000 in a year, but had $55,000 in bills. You would have a $5,000 deficit. You would need to borrow $5,000 to make up the difference. The U.S. federal budget deficit for fiscal year 2018 is $440 billion, according to the White HouseÃ¢â¬â¢s Office of Management and Budget (OMB). In January 2017, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projected that federal deficits would increase for the first time in nearly a decade. In fact, the CBOÃ¢â¬â¢s analysis showed the increase in the deficit will drive the total federal debt to Ã¢â¬Å"almost unprecedented levels.Ã¢â¬ While it projected the deficit to actually drop in 2017 and 2018, the CBO sees the deficit then increasing to at least $601 billion in 2019 thanks to rising Social Security and Medicare costs. How the Government Borrows The federal government borrows money by selling Treasury securities such as T-bills, notes, inflation-protected securities and savings bonds to the public. The government trust funds are required by law to invest surpluses in Treasury securities. What is the National Debt? The national debt is the total value of unpaid funds borrowed by the U.S. government.Ã The value of all Treasury securities issued to the public and to the government trust funds is considered that years deficit and becomes part of the larger, ongoing national debt. One way to think about the debt is as the governments accumulated deficits, the Bureau of the Public Debt suggests. The maximum sustainable deficit is said by economists to be 3 percent of gross domestic product. The Treasury Department keeps a running tab on the amount of debt held by the U.S. government. According to the U.S. Treasury, the total national debt stood at $20.245 trillion as September 30, 2018. Nearly all of that debt is subject to the statutory debt ceiling. However, under current law, the debt ceiling is suspended, allowing the government may to borrow as much as it wants through March 1, 2019. At that time, Congress will either have to raise the debt ceiling or suspend it again as it has in recent years While it is often claimed that Ã¢â¬Å"China owns our debt,Ã¢â¬ the Treasury Department reports that as of June 2017, China only held about 5.8% of the total U.S. debt, or about $1.15 trillion. The Impact of Both on the Economy As the debt continues to increase, creditors can become concerned about how the U.S. government plans to repay it, notes About.com Guide Kimberly Amadeo. Over time, she writes, creditors will expect higher interest payments to provide a greater return for their increased perceived risk. Higher interest costs can dampen economic growth, Amadeo notes. As a result, she notes, the U.S. government may be tempted to let the value of the dollar fall so that the debt repayment will be in cheaper dollars, and less expensive. Foreign governments and investors could, as a result, be less willing to buy Treasury bonds, forcing interest rates higher. Updated by Robert Longley
Monday, May 11, 2020
Katherine Suarez Literature Composition II Prof. Oujo December , 11 2015 Research Question: What are the effects of using social networking in academic and social aspects of college students? Over the years, social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram among others have caused a great impact to the world. The new ways of social relations that causing a transformation in the habits and customs of society. This huge popularity to can be connected and share a lot of information within seconds with the outside world has made a tremendous impact, especially on college students. There are many studies created talking about the effects of social networks, but there are few that speak of academic and social effects that they causeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦We can see this on how college students use Facebook. This social network is used not only to socialize with people, but also to help to the freshmen students on college overcome their shyness factor. Transfer of high school to college is a big process which you can not afford it by your own. Students need new friends, professors that help them in this process. Some of these students may feel shy when it is related to making new friendships. However, by using Facebook Ã¢â¬Ëevent toolÃ¢â¬â¢, students can organize meetings in order to get in touch with each other even more or keep light relationships with their classmates. Otherwise, shows that some of those less extroverted students may feel Ã¢â¬Å"a bit creepyÃ¢â¬ to show up at one of these meetings. These new students would feel uncomfortable going to a meeting and not knowing anyone. According to researchers have concluded that although Facebook is the most popular social network in United States where we can communicate, many college students prefer to use Twitter because it is more practical and easier to continue a dialogue, as it is just 140 characters per post. Twitter defines itself as a network of real-time information that can connect to issues of concern. Simply, you have to look for interest accounts and follow conversations . This makes students have had extended and richer discussions on Twitter more than in class. I think that
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
During the 1860Ã¢â¬â¢s America was in a period of economic hardship due to the ongoing demand for materials and money to fund the war. In the South, sufficient money and materials were hard to acquire because the southern economy still depended on the labor of slaves to produce their goods and income rather than factories. The Northern economy used numerous factories to produce goods and make profit for the war, but they still did not have technology that was advanced enough to easily produce all the necessary materials and money. We will write a custom essay sample on Rise of Industry in the Late 19th Century or any similar topic only for you Order Now After the civil war, America embarked on a journey of economic expansion and unification for the nation. In the late 19th century, government policies, technological advancements and population changes contributed to the rise of industry in America. Many government policies were created in the 19th century to encourage expansion and growth for America. Three very influential policies were the Homestead Act, the Pacific Railway Act and laissez-faire. The homestead act was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage settlement of western land. It promised any citizen of the United States that was at least 21 years old a homestead of 160 acres under the terms that they paid a 10 dollar registration fee, farmed on the land for 5 years and lived on the land for at least 6 months out of a year. When passed, the act proved a success at allowing huge masses of people to further enlarge and develop America because Ã¢â¬Å"settlers from all walks of life including newly arrived immigrants, farmers without land of their own from the East, single women and former slaves came to meet the requirementsÃ¢â¬ (Weiser). The pacific railway act of 1862 provided the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroad companies with federal land grants and funds to construct a transcontinental railway that would unite the country as one. With the completion of the railroad, industry had the opportunity to rise across America because the transportation time of goods, capital, and people was significantly decreased and more efficient. Laissez-faire was a policy practiced by government that preached a free market economy. Under laissez-faire, the businessÃ¢â¬â¢s of America were able to grow and acquire larger sums of money because the government had little to no interference in the actions of companies. In the 19th century as settlement and companies expanded across America, technological discoveries were being made as part of an industrial revolution that would further the efficiency and growth of industry. With the transcontinental railroad, the steam engine could transport materials, machinery, goods and more to companies across America with much more ease than horses and wagons could in previous times. The invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 increased communication between people to help the coordination and cohesiveness of companies. One brilliant inventor, Thomas Alva Edison, provided the nation with numerous inventions, two of which were the light bulb and the electric generator. As industrialization occurred, machinery was used to produce materials instead of human labor in order to increase production and profit. With the aid of EdisonÃ¢â¬â¢s electrical generator, the machines of textiles could work faster and more efficient to maximize benefits. Also, with the aid of the light bulb, textiles were able to have longer work hours and produce larger quantities because the restriction of daylight hours was no longer a problem. Ã¢â¬Å"By the end of the nineteenth century, the nation was about to become a mass-production economyÃ¢â¬ because Ã¢â¬Å"the utilization of steam and electricity, the introduction of improved processes and labor-saving machineryÃ¢â¬ ¦ multiplied enormously the effectiveness of laborÃ¢â¬ (Chandler 277; George 50). As America was booming from government policies and new technology, population changes also took effect to contribute to the rise of industry. Population was steadily rising due to immigration, migration, and improved conditions of living. Millions of European and Asian immigrants came to America in search of a more promising and successful life. These immigrants created a growing work force that big industries took advantage of by using the minimally paid workers to help produce more for their companies. Along with westward migration in America, Ã¢â¬Å"In the post-civil war period, cities swelled in population as a twin migration of immigrants and rural Americans flocked to the glittering urban environmentÃ¢â¬ (Riis 320). This urbanization solidified the transition of the nation from an agricultural economy to an industrial one. Also in the 19th century, population was at a high compared the past because of improvements in health care, a higher reproduction rate and a better standard of living. These population changes provided America with a large, growing consumer economy that allowed industry and business to thrive. Compared to previous times, America ended the 19th century at an all time high due to new government policies, technological advancements and population changes. With the help of federal encouragement to settle westward and unite the country, industry was able to expand to more places across the nation. In these numerous factories, textiles and other working places, new machinery and technology was used to produce greater quantities in a shorter amounts of time which allowed industry to gain more profit and grow. These successful and innovative factories attracted immigrants and rural Americans, and pushed them to move to cities where industry and business could be a main focus. The growth of American industry in the 19th century took the nation to a whole new developmental level, and from there the nation continued to thrive and evolve. Citations Chandler, Alfred D. The Beginnings of Ã¢â¬Å"Big BusinessÃ¢â¬ in American Industry. 1959. American Issues. New York: Glencoe, 1994. 277-80. Print. Evans, Harold. Ã¢â¬Å"The Spark of Genius. Ã¢â¬ 2004. American History. Vol. 2. Dubuque: McGraw Hill, 2007. 6-21. Print. George, Henry. Ã¢â¬Å"Progress and Poverty. Ã¢â¬ 1879. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s History. Fourth ed. Vol. 2. Boston: Bedford/St. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2001. 50-51. Print. Riis, Jacob. Ã¢â¬Å"Life in the Tenements of New York City. Ã¢â¬ 1890. Voices of the American Past. Second ed. Vol. 2. Orlando: Harcourt College, 2001. 320-22. Print. Story, Jill. Ã¢â¬Å"Lecture. Ã¢â¬ 27 Sept. 2010. S tory, Jill. Ã¢â¬Å"Lecture. Ã¢â¬ 5 Oct. 2010. Weiser, Kathy. Ã¢â¬Å"The Homestead Act Ã¢â¬â Creating Prosperity in America. Ã¢â¬Å"Legends of America Ã¢â¬â A Travel Site for the Nostalgic and Historic Minded. Apr. 2010. Web. 12 Oct. 2010. . How to cite Rise of Industry in the Late 19th Century, Papers
Thursday, April 30, 2020
Introduction William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s writing in three short stories (Ã¢â¬ËA Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢, and Ã¢â¬ËAs l lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢) is highly emotional, complex, gothic and has an unconventional choice of narrators. These attributes denote two literary elements and they are: language and style. One can analyze those two elements in order to understand William FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s voice.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on The voice of Faulkner specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More How Faulkner uses language and style in Ã¢â¬ËA Rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢ Emotional and poetic language Faulkner has the ability to be intensely emotional in most of his pieces without really sacrificing the story line or the strengths of his characters. In Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢, the author evokes emotions by compressing deep meaning in just a few lines. In one scenario, Sarty says Ã¢â¬ËFather! Father!Ã¢â¬â¢ (Faulkner, As I lay dying 14)These might seem like simple words, but they are packed with meaning. The reader is able to feel a sense of loss, sadness, and a hint of relief as the speaker makes this statement. The author allows his phrases to possess some level of ambiguity in order to give his readers room to interpret or create their own meaning. In Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢, the author uses one of his characters to convey literary or poetic language. Darl is extremely articulate and his language is quite innovative. Gothic style Faulkner has the ability to bring out elements of death, decay, destruction, isolation and darkness in a unique way. This component in his writings caused him to stand out from his contemporaries. In Ã¢â¬ËA rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢, Faulkner creates an image of a woman who clearly does not belong to her world. She refuses to leave her house for years on end; she stops talkin g to everyone, has an affair with a disapproved male, and finally murders her lover. Here was a woman who was trapped in the past, and had alienated herself from life. Emily had a lush and beautiful environment outside her house; she never bothered to look at it. She chose to live in darkness, both literally and metaphorically as she never drew her curtains. This depiction of deep darkness was something that Faulkner always focused on; it added a gothic element to his writings and made it distinctive. In Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢, the author selects a relatively poor family- the Bundrens. Although the group is ignorant and has a series of other weaknesses, the author still conveys their experiences with empathy and grace. The setting of the community in which the Bundrens live has an element of grotesqueness because it focuses on members of the lower class. The death of Addie is also one of the dark and disturbing components of the narration. Additionally, Faulkner describes the destruction of Darl in such a tragic and dignified manner. One cannot help but feel the same devastation that surrounded that development. The gothic style in this narrative is therefore reflective of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s preference for dark tales. In Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢, the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s preference for the bizarre is seen through his choice of characters. This is a dysfunctional family whose head has a need to burn houses. He causes his children to participate in his wrongdoings by instructing them to help him out with a few things.Advertising Looking for critical writing on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It only gets worse for Sarty when the Major chooses to kill his father before he can destroy his barn. Eventually, the young boy keeps running until midnight, when he stops to sit at the crest of a hill. This must be a dark moment in SartyÃ¢â¬â¢s life because he did not have a father anym ore, yet he also ran away from people who love him. These are all depressing issues that cause the reader to empathize deeply with Sarty. Complex style Faulkner had a complex style of writing owing to his treated of time, his use of long sentences and unconventional sentence structure, his preference for ambiguity, and his use of stream of unconsciousness. One of the most interesting componentÃ¢â¬â¢s of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s style of writing was his complicated treatment of time. He achieves this by changing from narrator to narrator and from character to character. The lack of chronology in his pieces is the reason why some unseasoned readers find his work difficult to follow. In Ã¢â¬ËA rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢, the story commences with the main characterÃ¢â¬â¢s death. This is followed by many events that occurred in the modern age to the period just before the Civil war in the South. The present is sometimes interrupted by events in the past and the past sometimes appears to be th e present. One is able to deduce this interweaving of events through phrases such as: Ã¢â¬Ëthirty years beforeÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬Ëeight years laterÃ¢â¬â¢ (Faulkner, A rose for Emily 17). It is almost as if Faulkner is giving his audience little pieces of a puzzle that must be put together in order to understand the whole narration. The time movements have been achieved through the use of flashbacks and foreshadows. The end of the story illustrates that the entire piece has been a flashback since it talks about the discovery of the corpse of Homer in EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s house. Faulkner did not just choose this non linear approach in order to make his work interesting or to confuse readers; he did it in order to make his readers engage more with the text. As one goes through the story, one is likely to be inspired to compare chronologies with other people so as to detect any possible misreading. In these discussions, one can then analyze the thematic repercussions of those chronologies. This unconventional style has a way of making readers more engrained in the narration, and hence more likely to admire his work. The same thing occurs in Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dying.Ã¢â¬â¢ Although the story spans through a couple of days, the author utilizes the perspectives of several voices in order to bring in a different dimension to the story. Faulkner manages to create a sense of wholeness despite the fragmentary nature of the story. The various sub plots that are added from time to time seem to add more strength to the story. The ambiguity of the narrators requires meticulous analysis of their descriptions because not all of them are credible.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on The voice of Faulkner specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Complexity is also created in Ã¢â¬ËBarn burning through the use of long sentences. This method has also been employed in Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢. The long sentenc es can make it difficult to follow the narrative, if one does not pay close attention 9Faulkner, as I lay dying 65). He is fond of this style of writing because he wants to capture the action and emotions that his characters are going through. When Sarty starts chasing after de Spain, the author describes this experience using very lengthy sentences. As one reads them, one gets lost in the events of the moment. One can feel the confusion and sense of loss that Sarty is going through using this technique. Faulkner therefore achieves his objective by causing readers to get carried away. Since there is no slowing down in the sentences, there is also no slowing down with the actions being described. Unconventional choice of narrators as an element of style In Ã¢â¬ËA rose for EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢, the writer uses the town as the main voice in the short story. As the story continues, one learns about the habits and values of the people in EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s hometown. This narrator does not pre-emp t anything in the short story. He seems to discover new things along with the audience. For instance, in one scenario, the narrator states that there was an awful smell from EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s house, and adds that it occurred as soon as her sweetheart died. He does not provide any correlation between these two components of the tale. It is only until the end of the story that the reader is able to know where the smell came from. The narrator, provides additional information, but still strives to maintain suspense in the story. In Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢, the author picks an omniscient narrator who seems very close to Sarty. The purpose of selecting such a voice was to make the main character get closer to readers. At one point, one feels as though one has entered SartyÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. Since he is someone who understands things through symbols, the writer presented or explained things through such a perspective. For example, when Sarty went to court, he describes the crowd as having Ã ¢â¬Ëa lane of grim facesÃ¢â¬â¢. Numerous metaphors have been used, that relate to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. In another instance, he describes his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s voice as being harsh as tin and lacking heat as tin. However, the author manages to illustrate that Sarty was not in fact the real narrator when Sarty and his family are out camping and his father makes a small fire. It is noted that Abner does not hesitate to create large fires when burning other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s barns. The narrator muses that had Sarty been older, he would have asked himself why this was the case. The author therefore plays with readerÃ¢â¬â¢s minds by providing more than one possibility for the narration. This kind of style was fundamental in providing essential details to the story while providing a mechanism for understanding the main characterÃ¢â¬â¢s actions.Advertising Looking for critical writing on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Perhaps the most complicated choice of narrators occurred when the author wrote Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢; there are fifteen narrators in the story and each of the descriptions is highly subjective. Each narrator has his own kind of language and tone. Some of the narrators re confessional and seemingly neutral, but they end up loosing credibility later on. For instance, one of the first ones Ã¢â¬âDarl Ã¢â¬â is an immensely articulate individual who seems to know what he is talking about. However, he is treated negatively by his family members who eventually take him to an asylum when he goes mad. To Faulkner, truth is debatable and depends upon the individual under consideration. The purpose for choosing such a complex interplay of narrators was to create a platform for adding more information to the story. Instead of depending upon one individual to describe everything, the author decides to use both real and interior monologues that the characters have with themselves an d others in order to concretize the story. Objectivity is evasive in Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢, and this causes readers to think a little bit more intensively about the developments in the story (Blotner 44). Stream of consciousness is also an important part of FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s complex writing. In Ã¢â¬ËAs I lay dyingÃ¢â¬â¢, a number of narrators think about the death of the main character and they do this through continuous internal reflections. The same thing occurs in Ã¢â¬ËBarn burningÃ¢â¬â¢. Sarty often describes his experiences as if they are flowing right out of his mind. For example, when his father walks in, he first describes what his father is wearing before he realizes that his father is in the house. Conclusion Faulkner was unsparing in his pieces; his words, plot and descriptions were intense and bold. His choice of characters and the lives they lived has grotesque or gothic inclinations. This authorÃ¢â¬â¢s work was complex because of his sentence structur es, his preference for ambiguity and his treatment of time. Lastly, the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of narrators was unconventional, but meaningful. Together, these components make FaulknerÃ¢â¬â¢s language and style exceptional in the literary world. Works Cited Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A biography. NY: Random House, 1984 Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying: The corrected text. NY: Vintage publishers, 1991. Print Faulkner, William. A rose for Emily. NY: Dramatic publishing, 1983. Print. Faulkner, William. Barn burning. NY: Harper and brothers, 1939. Print. This critical writing on The voice of Faulkner was written and submitted by user Taylor Lott to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 21, 2020
We live in a society where a college degree has become the single most important determinant of a young personÃ¢â¬â¢s chances of success. Yet with rising college tuition costs showing no signs of slowing down, it is increasingly difficult for low income students to achieve their higher education goals. A college education is viewed as the ticket to prosperity, a way to rise up out of poverty and live a wealthy life. Ã¢â¬Å"After all, education is the great equalizer in our nation. It can bridge social, economic, racial, and geographic divides like no other force. It can mean the difference between an open door and a dead end. And nowhere is this truer than in higher educationÃ¢â¬ (Boehner). However, the rising cost of college tuition hinders lower income families from sending their children to college. With success being more directly linked than ever to knowledge, a college degree is of immeasurable importance. By these poorer students not being able to attend college, a cap is being put on the intergenerational progress of low income families. Cost factors prevent forty eight percent of college-qualified high school graduates from attending a four-year institution, and twenty two percent from attending any college at all. At this rate, by the end of the decade, more than two million college-qualified students will be completely denied the opportunity for a postsecondary education (Boehner). We are facing a crisis in the higher education system. As America grows even more into a knowledge economy, many students are facing fees that they and their families are unable to pay. Students are having to either give up their dream of a college degree, or Ã¢â¬Å"trade downÃ¢â¬ to a more affordable means of postsecondary education. Even more, now a basic education has expanded to include six additional years. This means that the public portion of a basic education has shrunk from covering one hundred percent of k-12 in the early 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s to t... Free Essays on The Cost Of Educating The Next Generation Free Essays on The Cost Of Educating The Next Generation We live in a society where a college degree has become the single most important determinant of a young personÃ¢â¬â¢s chances of success. Yet with rising college tuition costs showing no signs of slowing down, it is increasingly difficult for low income students to achieve their higher education goals. A college education is viewed as the ticket to prosperity, a way to rise up out of poverty and live a wealthy life. Ã¢â¬Å"After all, education is the great equalizer in our nation. It can bridge social, economic, racial, and geographic divides like no other force. It can mean the difference between an open door and a dead end. And nowhere is this truer than in higher educationÃ¢â¬ (Boehner). However, the rising cost of college tuition hinders lower income families from sending their children to college. With success being more directly linked than ever to knowledge, a college degree is of immeasurable importance. By these poorer students not being able to attend college, a cap is being put on the intergenerational progress of low income families. Cost factors prevent forty eight percent of college-qualified high school graduates from attending a four-year institution, and twenty two percent from attending any college at all. At this rate, by the end of the decade, more than two million college-qualified students will be completely denied the opportunity for a postsecondary education (Boehner). We are facing a crisis in the higher education system. As America grows even more into a knowledge economy, many students are facing fees that they and their families are unable to pay. Students are having to either give up their dream of a college degree, or Ã¢â¬Å"trade downÃ¢â¬ to a more affordable means of postsecondary education. Even more, now a basic education has expanded to include six additional years. This means that the public portion of a basic education has shrunk from covering one hundred percent of k-12 in the early 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s to t...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Bald Eagle Facts For centuries, the bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) was a spiritual symbol for the native people who lived in the United States. In 1782, it was nominated as the national emblem of the U.S., but it nearly became extinct during the 1970s due to illegal hunting and the effects of DDT poisoning. Recovery efforts and stronger federal protection helped ensure that this large raptor is no longer endangered and continues to make a strong comeback. Fast Facts: The Bald Eagle Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucocephalusCommon Names: Bald Eagle, Eagle, American Bald EagleBasic Animal Group: BirdSize: 35Ã¢â¬â42 inches longWingspan:Ã 5.9Ã¢â¬â7.5 feetWeight: 6.6Ã¢â¬â14Ã poundsLifespan: 20 years (in the wild)Diet: CarnivoreHabitat: large, open lakes and rivers in the United States and Canada, particularly inÃ Florida, Alaska andÃ the MidwestPopulation: 700,000Conservation Status:Ã Least Concern Description The bald eagles head may appear bald, but its actually covered in white feathers. Indeed, its name is actually derivedÃ from an older name and meaning of white-headed. The bald heads of mature bald eagles contrast sharply with their chocolate brown bodies. They have a very large, yellow, thick bill with an upperÃ mandibleÃ that is strongly hooked. The bird is generally 35 to 42 inches long with a wingspan that can grow to 7 feet or more. The head, neck, and tail of bald eagles are bright, plain white, but younger birds may show spotting. Their eyes, bill, legs, and feet are yellow, and their blackÃ talonsÃ are thick and powerful. Buck Shreck/Getty Images Habitat and Range The bald eagles range spans from Mexico to most of Canada and it includes all of the continental U.S. They can be found in all kinds of habitats, from the bayous of Louisiana to the deserts of California to the deciduous forests of New England. It is the only sea eagle that is endemic (native) to North America. Diet and Behavior Bald eagles eat fish- and anything and everything else- but fish make up the majority of their diet. The birds have also been known to eat other water birds such as grebes, herons, ducks, coots, geese, and egrets, as well as mammals such as rabbits, squirrels, raccoons, muskrats, and even deer fawns. Turtles, terrapins, snakes, and crabs as make for tasty bald eagle snacks as well. Bald eagles have also been known to steal prey from other predators (a practice known as kleptoparasitism), to scavenge carcasses of other animals, and to steal food from landfills or campsites.Ã In other words, if a bald eagle can grab it in its talons, it will eat it. Reproduction and Offspring Bald eagles mate from late September to early April, depending on the region. The female lays her first egg five to 10 days after mating and incubates the eggs for about 35 days. They produce one to three eggs, which is called the clutch size. When first hatched, bald eagle chicks are covered with fluffy white down but quickly grow larger and develop mature feathers. Juvenile birds have mottled brown and whiteÃ plumageÃ and do not get the distinctive white head and tail until they are 4 to 5 years old when they are sexually mature and able to mate. Marcia Straub/Getty Images Threats Bald eagles today are threatened by poaching and accidental or deliberate shootings, as well as other risks toÃ raptorsÃ including pollution, collisions with wind turbines or power lines, contamination of their food supplies and habitat loss.Ã Lead poisoningÃ from fishing lures and discarded bullet casings is also a grave threat to bald eagles and other large raptors. Conservation Status The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the bald eagles conservation status as least concern and says its population is increasing. However, bald eagles were severely affected by pesticides, especially DDT, which was widely used after World War II. The once-touted pesticide poisoned bald eagles and caused their eggshells to become thin, resulting in many failed nesting attempts, according to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. As a result of their dwindling numbers, the bald eagle was placed on the federal list of endangered species in 1967 and the California endangered species list in 1971. However, after the use of DDT was banned in the United States in 1972, strong efforts to restore these birds were successful and the bald eagle was removed from the endangered species list in 2007. Sources Ã¢â¬Å"Bald Eagle Overview, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.Ã¢â¬ Ã Overview, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology.Ã¢â¬Å"Bald Eagle.Ã¢â¬ Ã National Geographic, 21 Sept. 2018.Ã¢â¬Å"Bald Eagles in California. California Department of Fish and Wildlife.Ã¢â¬Å"Basic Facts About Bald Eagles.Ã¢â¬ Ã Defenders of Wildlife, 10 Jan. 2019.Ã¢â¬Å"The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.Ã¢â¬ Ã IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Monday, February 17, 2020
THE COUNTRY OF GREECE - Research Paper Example The Greeks were filled with the passion to fight for freedom. They spent 9 years fighting for their independence from 1821 to 1829. Their struggles ended up with the liberation of Greece when it was officially declared as an independent nation. The small part of Greece which was liberated then became the home for Greek patriots who gained the rule of lonian islands in 1864 (Gardiner et al 1985, p 382). Later on Epirus, Thessaly, Crete, Macedona, Western Thrace and Dodecanese islands were added to make this small nation one of the prominent states of the world. Greece is one of the members of European Union since 1981. It is a developed country and also a major part of other independent bodies working for the welfare of the member countries. Shipping and tourism are considered as the most profitable industries of Greece. Greek merchant ship fleet is also a reason of fame for this country. Greece follows the parliamentary democracy as its political system of Greece. This political system is defined in the constitution of Greece. The recent amendments in the constitution of Greece were found in May 2008. The powers lie with the Prime Minister and the cabinet and the government accepts the majority call in taking parliamentary decisions. The governmental system of Greece is divided into 3 branches. The executives include the president and the prime Minister who are designated as the head of the state and the head of the government respectively. The Legislative branch consists of a 300 seat unicameral Ã¢â¬Å"vouliÃ¢â¬ and the judicial branch comprises the Supreme Court (Clogg, 1987 pp 223-230). The Greek constitution distributes the political powers in 5 major components. These include the power held by the President of Greece, the legislative power, the power held by executives, the judiciary power and the power allocated to the local government of Greece. The electoral system adopted by Greece calls for more